Material science is one of the most influential branches today, and the electrospun materials are being deeply researched by this discipline. Developing novel materials that improve the performance of existing materials or implement new properties to widen the range of applications and possibilities is one of the tasks that numerous laboratories and companies around the world focus on.
Among others, electrospinning technology allows for hybrid structures to be generated: a certain electrospun materials can be formed by two or three types of fibres of different polymers, so that the different fibres remain intertwined in the fibrous structure. This gives a kind of composite in which the different materials bring different properties to the electrospun hybrid structure: strength, conductivity, flexibility, etc.
Electrospun materials composed of several electrospun layers can also be developed, one on top of another like a sandwich and not intertwined. Either by encapsulating agents or substances that functionalise the material developed in the fibres or introducing them into the electrospun fibrous structure.
Electrospinning materials offer significant advantages in the development of novel materials due to their unique properties and versatility. The process allows for the fabrication of a wide range of materials, including polymers, composites, and ceramics, with control over fiber diameter, porosity and morphology. These electrospinning materials can be tailored for specific applications, making them ideal for use in diverse sectors like medicine, energy, sensorics and electronics
Materials processing and applications with electrospinning are thus broad and innovative, from creating drug delivery systems to developing high-performance filters. Therefore, the use of electrospun materials and their applications continue to expand, driving advancements in material science.